The entire section is 1, words. As a prominent citizen he was called upon to fulfil minor political roles where his sense of principle had caused him to place himself in some personal danger by holding out alone against the unconstitutional condemnation of certain generals.
Why did they react in this way? He cares more for being a good and upright man than being popular with the people. He also declines a fine with the expectation that he will continue life in a quieter fashion.
He then asks why do people still ask him for advice and befriend him if he is indeed the sole corruptor of Athens. This restored democracy was however markedly traditionalist and reactionary in its religious views - this led it to see Socrates, as a teacher of novel ideas of morality and justice, with some disfavour.
At the conclusion of these dialogues, an Attendant appears with instructions for Socrates on how he is to take the poison that is to end his life.
Socrates noted that he did not try to speak beyond his means, be duplicitous, or pretend he was knowledgeable when he was not. For instance, what is the scope of Forms? Socrates did not seek to involve himself in the political life of Athens as he felt that there would inevitably be compromises of principle that he was not prepared to make.
Analysis You'll also get access to more than 30, additional guides andHomework Help questions answered by our experts. How do humans know what is wrong?
The Trial of Socrates is divided into two parts: Knowledge is one of the main themes of The Apology. In the comic play, The Clouds BCAristophanes represents Socrates as a sophistic philosopher who teaches the young man Pheidippides how to formulate arguments that justify striking and beating his father.
Socrates then proves his belief of the gods and questions why he would ever try to lie about corrupting the youth when he knows the gods will punish him.
When discussing more realistic options he tells the court that he will not repent his ways because he believed them to be needed. The Apology is about society condemning Socrates for corrupting the youth of Athens.
In the end of his questioning debate with Maletus Socrates, using logic, explains that the charge against him is based off the idea that everyone does good for the youth except for him.
Is it cultural or situational? Socrates willingly takes the poison, and Phaedo narrates the final moments of his death, concluding with the statement that Socrates was "the wisest and justest and best. He expands on this and gets Maletus to agree that the wicked are bad and that people do not want wicked friends.
Four Dialogues by Plato. The totalitarian Thirty Tyrants had anointed themselves as the elite, and in the minds of his Athenian accusers, Socrates was guilty because he was suspected of introducing oligarchic ideas to them. How did you or the other party react? The whole reason that Socrates was put on trial was to ascertain whether or not he was corrupting the youth to the detriment of Athenian life and culture.
Defence SpeechEuthyphro, Crito and Phaedo - links to more detail of events as recorded by Plato are set out below: Socrates proved at the very least that there is a measure of doubt concerning his guilt yet was still sentenced to death.
Socrates is said by Maletus to not believe in the gods and is preaching against them which in turn is corrupting children to evil ways.
Is it always important to be right? He believed that the state of one's soul was of the utmost importance because one's place in the afterlife and next life was determined by the state of their soul.
Socrates regarded this behaviour as a service to God and decided that he should continue to make efforts to improve people by persuading and reminding them of their own ignorance.Overall Analysis and Themes.
The Phaedo stands alongside the Republic as the most philosophically dense dialogue of Plato's middle period. It contains the first extended discussion of the Theory of Forms, four arguments for the immortality of the soul, and strong arguments in favor of the philosophical life. The account of Socrates' death.
Feb 14, · The trial of Socrates is an event which has puzzled historical scholars through the ages, with the troubling spectacle it raises calling into question the most basic precepts of Athenian democracy.
About Euthyphro, Apology, Crito, and Phaedo. the story of his trial and death is something that will continue to stir the imagination of people and to win for him their admiration and respect. With reference to the trial and death of Socrates, there are four dialogs that are especially relevant.
Summary The Apology is believed to be the most Whether this speech was actually given by Socrates at the time of his trial or is merely one that Plato believed would have been appropriate for him to give at that time is a question that cannot be answered with certainty.
If the Apology was written shortly after the death of Socrates, as we. Central Themes.
Knowledge: The whole reason that Socrates was put on trial was to ascertain whether or not he was corrupting the youth to the detriment of Athenian life and culture. Socrates proved at the very least that there is a measure of doubt concerning his guilt yet was still sentenced to death.
The trial of Socrates ( BC) was held to determine the philosopher’s guilt of two charges: asebeia (impiety) against the pantheon of Athens, and corruption of the youth of the city-state; the accusers cited two impious acts by Socrates: “failing to acknowledge the gods that the city acknowledges” and “introducing new deities”.
The death sentence of Socrates was the legal.Download